Browse the Constitution Annotated

First Amendment 

  • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

  • Amdt1.1 The Religion Clauses
    • Amdt1.1.1  The Religion Clauses: Historical Background
    • Amdt1.1.2 Establishment Clause
      • Amdt1.1.2.1 Establishment Clause: Doctrine and Practice
    • Amdt1.1.3  Relationship Between Establishment Clause and Free Speech Clause
    • Amdt1.1.4 Free Exercise Clause
      • Amdt1.1.4.1  Free Exercise Clause: Overview
      • Amdt1.1.4.2 Free Exercise Clause: Doctrine and Practice
        • Amdt1.1.4.2.1 Facially Neutral Laws that Interfere With Religious Practice
          • Amdt1.1.4.2.1.1  Facially Neutral Laws that Interfere With Religious Practice: Early Doctrine
          • Amdt1.1.4.2.1.2  Facially Neutral Laws that Interfere With Religious Practice: Doctrine during 1960s through 1980s
          • Amdt1.1.4.2.1.3  Facially Neutral Laws that Interfere With Religious Practice: Current Doctrine
        • Amdt1.1.4.2.2  Laws That Require Government Involvement in Resolving Religious Disputes
        • Amdt1.1.4.2.3  Laws that Facially Discriminate Against Religious Practices
  • Amdt1.2 Freedom of Speech
    • Amdt1.2.1  Freedom of Speech: Historical Background
    • Amdt1.2.2 Procedural Matters and Freedom of Speech
      • Amdt1.2.2.1  Procedural Matters and Freedom of Speech: Overbreadth
      • Amdt1.2.2.2  Procedural Matters and Freedom of Speech: Vagueness
      • Amdt1.2.2.3  Procedural Matters and Freedom of Speech: Prior Restraints
      • Amdt1.2.2.4  Procedural Matters and Freedom of Speech: State Action
    • Amdt1.2.3 Categorical Approach
      • Amdt1.2.3.1 Advocacy of Illegal Conduct
        • Amdt1.2.3.1.1  Advocacy of Illegal Conduct: Overview
        • Amdt1.2.3.1.2 Advocacy of Illegal Conduct: Doctrine and Practice
      • Amdt1.2.3.2 Fighting Words, Hostile Audiences and True Threats
        • Amdt1.2.3.2.1  Fighting Words, Hostile Audiences and True Threats: Overview
      • Amdt1.2.3.3 Defamation and False Statements
        • Amdt1.2.3.3.1  Defamation and False Statements: Overview
        • Amdt1.2.3.3.2 Defamation and False Statements: Select Topics for Consideration
      • Amdt1.2.3.4 Obscenity
      • Amdt1.2.3.5 Commercial Speech
    • Amdt1.2.4 Content Based and Content Neutral Regulation of Speech
      • Amdt1.2.4.1 Content Based and Content Neutral Regulation of Speech: Doctrine and Practice
    • Amdt1.2.5 Viewpoint Based Discrimination
      • Amdt1.2.5.1  Viewpoint Based Discrimination: Overview
    • Amdt1.2.6 Government-Owned Property
      • Amdt1.2.6.1 Government-Owned Property: Doctrine and Practice
    • Amdt1.2.7 Government-Owned Property
      • Amdt1.2.7.1 Government-Owned Property: Select Topics for Consideration
    • Amdt1.2.8 Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government
      • Amdt1.2.8.1  Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government: Overview
      • Amdt1.2.8.2 Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government: Doctrine and Practice
        • Amdt1.2.8.2.1  Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government: Government as Employer
        • Amdt1.2.8.2.2  Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government: Government as Educator
        • Amdt1.2.8.2.3  Freedom of Speech and the Role of the Government: Government as Imprisoner
    • Amdt1.2.9 Regulation of the Media
    • Amdt1.2.10 Political Speech
    • Amdt1.2.11 Compelled Speech
      • Amdt1.2.11.1  Compelled Speech: Overview
      • Amdt1.2.11.2 Compelled Speech: Select Topics for Consideration
    • Amdt1.2.12 Symbolic Speech
      • Amdt1.2.12.1  Symbolic Speech: Overview
      • Amdt1.2.12.2 Symbolic Speech: Doctrine and Practice
      • Amdt1.2.12.3 Symbolic Speech: Select Topics for Consideration
    • Amdt1.2.13 Freedom of Association
  • Amdt1.3 Freedom of Press
    • Amdt1.3.1  Freedom of Press: Overview
    • Amdt1.3.2 Freedom of Press: Select Topics for Consideration
      • Amdt1.3.2.1  Protection of Confidential Sources
      • Amdt1.3.2.2  Right to Access Government Places and Papers
  • Amdt1.4 Freedom of Assembly and Petition
    • Amdt1.4.1  Freedom of Assembly and Petition: Overview