Browse the Constitution Annotated

Fourteenth Amendment 

  • Amdt14.1  Fourteenth Amendment: Overview
  • Amdt14.2  State Action Doctrine
  • Section 3

    No Person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

    • Amdt14.S3.1 Disqualification from Holding Office
  • Section 4

    The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

    • Amdt14.S4.1 Public Debts of the United States
  • Section 5

    The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

    • Amdt14.S5.1 Enforcing the Fourteenth Amendment
      • Amdt14.S5.1.1 Enforcement Clause
        • Amdt14.S5.1.1.1  Enforcement Clause: Overview
        • Amdt14.S5.1.1.2 Enforcement Clause: Doctrine and Practice
          • Amdt14.S5.1.1.2.1  Who Congress May Regulate
          • Amdt14.S5.1.1.2.2 What May Congress Do to Enforce the Fourteenth Amendment
            • Amdt14.S5.1.1.2.2.1  What May Congress Do to Enforce the Fourteenth Amendment: Pre-Modern Doctrine
            • Amdt14.S5.1.1.2.2.2  What May Congress Do to Enforce the Fourteenth Amendment: Modern Doctrine