Browse the Constitution Annotated

Fourteenth Amendment 

  • Section 1

    All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

    • Amdt14.S1.1 Citizenship Rights
      • Amdt14.S1.1.1 Citizenship Clause
    • Amdt14.S1.2 Privileges or Immunities of Citizens
      • Amdt14.S1.2.1 Privileges or Immunities Clause
        • Amdt14.S1.2.1.1 Privileges or Immunities Clause: Doctrine and Practice
    • Amdt14.S1.3 Due Process and the States
      • Amdt14.S1.3.1 Due Process Clause and Incorporation
        • Amdt14.S1.3.1.1 Due Process Clause and Incorporation: Doctrine and Practice
    • Amdt14.S1.4 Equal Protection Rights
      • Amdt14.S1.4.1 Race-Based Classifications
        • Amdt14.S1.4.1.1  Race-Based Classifications: Overview
        • Amdt14.S1.4.1.2  Race-Based Classifications: Historical Background
        • Amdt14.S1.4.1.3 Doctrine and Practice: Race-Based Classifications
        • Amdt14.S1.4.1.4 Race-Based Classifications: Select Topics for Consideration
      • Amdt14.S1.4.2 Non-Race Based Classifications
        • Amdt14.S1.4.2.1  Non-Race Based Classifications: Overview
        • Amdt14.S1.4.2.2 Other Suspect Classifications: Doctrine and Practice
        • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3 Quasi-Suspect Classifications: Doctrine and Practice
          • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.1 Gender Classifications
          • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.2  Classification Against Persons Born out of Wedlock
        • Amdt14.S1.4.2.4 Non-Suspect Classifications: Doctrine and Practice
      • Amdt14.S1.4.3 Equal Protection Fundamental Rights
        • Amdt14.S1.4.3.1  Equal Protection: Overview
        • Amdt14.S1.4.3.2 Equal Protection Fundamental Rights: Doctrine and Practice
        • Amdt14.S1.4.3.3 Voting Rights
        • Amdt14.S1.4.3.4 Voting Rights: Select Topics for Consideration
          • Amdt14.S1.4.3.4.1 Racial Discrimination in Voting Rights