Browse the Constitution Annotated

Article III 

  • Section 1

    The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

    • ArtIII.S1.1 The Judicial Power
      • ArtIII.S1.1.1 Judicial Vesting Clause
        • ArtIII.S1.1.1.1  Judicial Vesting Clause: Doctrine and Practice
        • ArtIII.S1.1.1.2 Judicial Vesting Clause: Select Topics for Consideration
      • ArtIII.S1.1.2 Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts
        • ArtIII.S1.1.2.1  Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Historical Background
        • ArtIII.S1.1.2.2  Congressional Power to Establish Article III Courts: Doctrine and Practice
      • ArtIII.S1.1.3 Congressional Power to Establish Non-Article III Courts
        • ArtIII.S1.1.3.1 Congressional Power to Establish Non-Article III Courts: Doctrine and Practice
          • ArtIII.S1.1.3.1.1  Congressional Power to Establish Non-Article III Courts: Current Doctrine
    • ArtIII.S1.2 Protections for the Federal Judiciary
      • ArtIII.S1.2.1 Good Behavior Clause
      • ArtIII.S1.2.2 Judicial Compensation Clause