Browse the Constitution Annotated

Article IV 

  • Section 4

    The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.

    • ArtIV.S4.1 Guarantee Clause
      • ArtIV.S4.1.1 Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government
        • ArtIV.S4.1.1.1  Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Historical Background
        • ArtIV.S4.1.1.2  Guarantee of a Republican Form of Government: Doctrine and Practice