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Topic: Contracts
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  • ArtI.S8.C1.1 Taxing Power
    Article I, Section 8, Clause 1: The Congress shall have To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United S. . .
  • ArtI.S8.C1.2 Spending Power
    Article I, Section 8, Clause 1: The Congress shall have To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United S. . .
  • ArtI.S10.C1.5 Contract Clause
    Article I, Section 10, 1: No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver. . .
  • ArtIV.S1.1.1.1 Full Faith and Credit Clause: Historical Background
    Article IV, Section 1: Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe th. . .
  • Amdt13.1 Thirteenth Amendment: Historical Background
    On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring, based on his war powers, that within named states and parts of states in rebellion against the United States all . . .
  • Amdt13.S1.1.1 Prohibition Clause
    Thirteenth Amendment, Section 1: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or. . .
  • Amdt13.S1.1.2 Exceptions Clause
    Thirteenth Amendment, Section 1: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or. . .
  • Amdt13.S2.1.1.1 Enforcement Clause: Overview
    Thirteenth Amendment, Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. This Amendment . . . is undoubtedly self-executing without any ancillary legislation, so. . .
  • Amdt13.S2.1.1.2.1 Enforcement Clause: Early Doctrine
    Thirteenth Amendment, Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Certain early cases suggested broad congressional powers, but the Civil Rights Cases of . . .
  • Amdt13.S2.1.1.2.2 Enforcement Clause: Current Doctrine
    Thirteenth Amendment, Section 2: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. Hodges was overruled by the Court in a far-reaching decision that concluded that the 186. . .
  • Amdt14.2 State Action Doctrine
    The Fourteenth Amendment, by its terms, limits discrimination only by governmental entities, not by private parties. As the Court has noted, the action inhibited by the first section of the Fourteent. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.1.3.1.3.1.1 Appropriate Level of Scrutiny: Early Doctrine
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.1.3.1.3.1.2 Appropriate Level of Scrutiny: Current Doctrine
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
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