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Topic: Privacy
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  • Amdt1.2.13.1 Freedom of Association: Overview
    First Amendment: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the. . .
  • Amdt4.1 Fourth Amendment: Historical Background
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.1 Scope of the Rights Protected by the Fourth Amendment: Overview
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.2.1 Scope of the Rights Protected by the Fourth Amendment: Early Doctrine
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.2.2 Katz and the Adoption of the Reasonable Expectation of Privacy Test
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.2.3 Scope of the Rights Protected by the Fourth Amendment: Current Doctrine
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.3.1 Open Fields Doctrine
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.2.4.1.1 Seizure of Property
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.1 The Need for a Warrant to Conduct a Search or Seizure: Overview
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.2.1.1 Neutral and Detached Magistrate
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.2.1.2 Probable Cause Requirement
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.2.1.3 Particularity Requirement
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.2.1.4 Knock and Announce Rule
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.3.2.2.1.5 Other Considerations When Executing a Warrant
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no s shall issue, but upon. . .
  • Amdt4.4.1 Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement: Overview
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.2 Consent Searches
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.3.1 Search Incident to Arrest Doctrine
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.3.2.1 Vehicle Searches: Overview
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.3.2.2.1 Searches of Containers Within a Vehicle
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.3.3 Plain View Searches
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.4.1.1 Terry Stop and Frisks: Doctrine and Practice
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.4.1.2.1 Terry Stop and Frisks and Vehicles
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.1 Border Searches
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.2 Drug Testing
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.3 National Security
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.4 School Searches
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.5 Searches of Prisoners, Parolees and Probationers
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.4.5.1.6 Workplace Searches
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.5.1 Exclusionary Rule: Overview
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.5.2.1 Adoption of a Federal Exclusionary Rule
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt4.5.2.2 Standing and the Fourth Amendment
    Fourth : The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon p. . .
  • Amdt4.5.2.3 Good Faith Exception
    Fourth Amendment: The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, b. . .
  • Amdt5.1.1.1 Grand Jury Clause: Historical Background
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.1.1.2 Grand Jury Clause: Doctrine and Practice
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.1.2 Military Exception to the Grand Jury Clause
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.3.1.1 General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Historical Background
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.3.1.2 General Protections Against Self-Incrimination: Doctrine and Practice
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.3.1.3.1 Self-Incrimination and the Concept of Immunity
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.3.2.1 Withdrawl of Government Benefits
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.4.5.2.2 Rights of Family Autonomy and Raising Children
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.4.5.2.4.1 Right to Privacy: Pre-Modern Doctrine
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.4.5.2.4.3 Private Sexual Activity
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt5.4.5.2.4.4 Informational Privacy
    Fifth Amendment: No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forc. . .
  • Amdt9.1 Ninth Amendment: Historical Background
    Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. The Federalists contended that a bill of rights was. . .
  • Amdt9.2.1 Ninth Amendment: Current Doctrine
    Ninth Amendment: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. The Ninth Amendment had been mentioned infrequently. . .
  • Amdt10.1 Tenth Amendment: Historical Background
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. The Tenth Amendment . . .
  • Amdt10.2.1 Tenth Amendment: Early Doctrine
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. In McCulloch v. Mary. . .
  • Amdt10.2.2 Tenth Amendment: Postbellum Case Law
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Federal Taxing Power. . .
  • Amdt10.2.3 Tenth Amendment: Post-New Deal Court
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. In 1941, the came f. . .
  • Amdt10.2.4.1 Tenth Amendment: Commandeering Prohibitions
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Later indications we. . .
  • Amdt10.2.4.2 Tenth Amendment: Commerce Clause
    Tenth Amendment: The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. In 1995, the Court i. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.1.1.1 Gender Classifications: Doctrine from 1870s to 1960s
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.1.1.2 Gender Classifications: Doctrine during 1970s
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.1.2.1 Gender Classifications: General Approach
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
  • Amdt14.S1.4.2.3.1.2.2 Facially Non-Neutral Laws that Benefit Women
    Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.. . .
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