Resources about Impeachment

The Constistutiton Annotated discusses impeachment, per the constitutional provisions shown below, in the following essays:

Article I, Section 2, Clause 5

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

ArtI.S2.C5.1 The Power of Impeachment

ArtI.S2.C5.1.1 The Power of Impeachment: Overview

ArtI.S2.C5.1.2 The Power of Impeachment: Historical Background

ArtI.S2.C5.1.3 The Power of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice

ArtI.S2.C5.1.4 The Power of Impeachment: Select Topics for Consideration

ArtI.S2.C5.1.4.1 Alternatives to Impeachment

Article I, Section 3, Clause 6

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

ArtI.S3.C6.1 The Power to Try Impeachments

ArtI.S3.C6.1.1 The Power to Try Impeachments: Overview

ArtI.S3.C6.1.2 The Power to Try Impeachments: Historical Background

ArtI.S3.C6.1.3 The Power to Try Impeachments: Doctrine and Practice

ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.1 Senate Practices in Impeachment

ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.2 Requirement of Oath or Affirmation

ArtI.S3.C6.1.3.3 Presidential Impeachments

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

ArtI.S3.C7.1 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment

ArtI.S3.C7.1.1 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Overview

ArtI.S3.C7.1.2 Judgment in Cases of Impeachment: Doctrine and Practice

Article II, Section 4

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

ArtII.S4.1 Impeachment and Removal from Office

ArtII.S4.1.1 Impeachment and Removal from Office: Overview

ArtII.S4.1.2 Impeachment and Removal from Office: Select Topics for Consideration

ArtII.S4.1.2.1 Offices Eligible for Impeachment

ArtII.S4.1.2.2 Future of the Impeachment Remedy

ArtII.S4.2 Impeachable Offenses

ArtII.S4.2.1 Impeachable Offenses: Overview

ArtII.S4.2.2 Impeachable Offenses: Historical Background

ArtII.S4.2.3 Impeachable Offenses: Doctrine and Practice

ArtII.S4.2.3.1 Impeachable Offenses: Early Historical Practice (1789–1860)

ArtII.S4.2.3.2 Impeachable Offenses: Impeachment of Andrew Johnson

ArtII.S4.2.3.3 Impeachable Offenses: Post-Bellum Practices (1865–1900)

ArtII.S4.2.3.4 Impeachable Offenses: Early Twentieth Century Practices

ArtII.S4.2.3.5 Impeachable Offenses: Effort to Impeach Richard Nixon

ArtII.S4.2.3.6 Impeachable Offenses: Impeachment of Bill Clinton

ArtII.S4.2.3.7 Impeachable Offenses: Contemporary Judicial Impeachments

Article III, Section 1

The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

ArtIII.S1.1.2 Organization of Courts, Tenure, and Compensation of Judges: Select Topics for Consideration

ArtIII.S1.1.2.1 Good Behavior Clause

ArtIII.S1. Good Behavior Clause: Overview

ArtIII.S1. Good Behavior Clause: Historical Background

ArtIII.S1. Good Behavior Clause: Doctrine and Practice

Congressional Research Service

Obtaining Witnesses In an Impeachment Trial: Compulsion, Executive Privilege, and the Courts (Jan. 21, 2020),

Impeachment and the Constitution (Nov. 20, 2019),

Congressional Access to Information in an Impeachment Investigation (Oct. 25, 2019),

Impeachment Investigations: Law and Process (Oct. 2, 2019),

Congress’s Authority to Influence and Control Executive Branch (Dec. 19, 2018),